M-health

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Wellpepper’s Top Health Tech Stories of 2013

It’s the time of year to reflect and make lists! It’s been a great year for Wellpepper: our first full year in business. We’ve enjoyed bringing new features to our users and learning more about the needs of both patients and healthcare providers. We’re committed to building useful tools that patients and providers love to use. We’ve been inspired at conferences meeting with end-users, hospital administrators, and other startups who share the same mission of changing how patients and providers engage around their health. We’ve experienced the power of social media, met new friends through Twitter, and learned so much from Tweetchats. As a young company, it’s been a year of firsts for us that, while monumental for us, pale in comparison with the changes going on in health IT, so rather than telling you more about us, let’s talk about the year in Health Tech.

There is no scientific basis to this list, just what we think stands out from the year in Health Tech.

Healthcare.gov

The beleaguered website was definitely the top Health IT story of the year. At Wellpepper we were unable to make it through the registration process ourselves, and ended up going to a broker to find out our healthcare options. As the news came out on why the site was so bad, it was pretty obvious there was a lack of accountability and no project management. It’s really unfortunate that the Affordable Care Act was mired in this mess of an implementation, but we’re very excited that former Microsoft exec Kurt DelBene is taking the reins. Ship It!

Quantified-Self Hits the Mainstream

tec-gift-guide-fitness-trackers.jpeg-1280x960Or, “everyone is tracking.” The mainstream press started writing about fitness gadgets and our Facebook feeds were full of friends who got new FitBits for Christmas. Not sure what this means about the trend though. We have found the FitBit to be really interesting to calibrate activities, for example, a game of Ultimate Frisbee but after you know how inactive or active you are do you really need to track? And do you become okay with your activity or lack thereof?

Meaningful Use Phase Delayed

The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid have delayed the deadlines for implementing Meaningful Use Stage 2. Stage 2 will be extended through 2016 and Stage 3 won’t begin until at least fiscal year 2017 for hospitals. Meaningful Use Stage 2 focuses on patient engagement, which is very minimally defined as patients interacting with healthcare information electronically. We’ve always said that electronic medical records vendors are not the best equipped to deliver tools that patients (ie consumers) want to use, so it’s not surprising that healthcare providers are struggling with this phase. That said, m-health is poised to deliver on these requirements.Wellpepper2-1195a

M-Health Comes of Age

While we can definitely debate where we are in the m-health hype cycle, there is no question that M-Health is a formidable category. The FDA is now monitoring and releasing guidelines, albeit with little clarification. Eric Topol made headlines by using an iPhone EKG on a plane to diagnose a heart attack and and advise the captain to make an emergency landing. Most positively, we’re hearing less talk of ‘apps’, and more talk of integrating mobile health into the overall patient experience and the official hospital records.

23andMe Ignores FDA

Source: Wikipedia commons

You might consider this one to be a bit specific, but it’s representative of a number of key stories in 2013: big data, the explosion of healthcare investing, and the dramatic gulf between current Health IT and other technologies, and between Silicon Valley and the FDA. 23andMe, which does cheap DNA testing, direct to consumer, was forced to stop providing genetic results and only include ancestry after effectively ignoring FDA warnings for over a year. Speculation is that they were trying to get to a million tests (they are at about 500K) so that they could prove their tests were valid and thereby circumvent long FDA approval processes. Those on the side of the FDA saw this as Silicon Valley thumbing their nose at patient safety and regulations. Those on the side of 23andMe saw this as tech disruption at its purest. As recipients of some of the last full genetic and ancestry tests before the shut-down, expect more from us on this topic. 😉

This one is not healthtech, but we’d be remiss if we didn’t mention the focus on costs of care. Time Magazine, and the New York Times both published rather scathing interactive features on the costs of healthcare in the US. One of Reddit’s top threads right now is about a $50,000 appendectomy. It’s great to see these issues called to light. Let’s hope we see progress in solving them in 2014.


NewYearWP

We’re pretty excited to see what 2014 brings Wellpepper and what new innovations, disruptions, and improvements are brought to the healthcare industry as a whole. Best to you and yours from all of us at Wellpepper!

Posted in: Health Regulations, Healthcare Disruption, Healthcare Technology, M-health

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My Life with Trackers

My Facebook and Twitter feeds are full of people talking about the new gadgets they got for Christmas. Tracking has gone mainstream as many of those gadgets are fitness and activity tracker devices. I thought I’d share a bit about what I’ve learned as an avid tracker for some of these newbies.

I have been using apps and devices to track my activities for over 7 years. When Nike in-shoe sensors came on the market in 2006, I was an early adopter and since then have upgraded to various GPS watches and apps like RunKeeper on my phone. I love tracking my runs and hikes. It adds an extra sense of accomplishment seeing exactly how far you’ve gone, elevation climbed and how fast you’ve traveled. Seeing my progress overtime was especially motivating and helpful when training for upcoming races.  It led me to want to track more. I definitely felt myself getting caught up in the quantified self movement.

flex

Fitbit Flex

So when we decided to get Fitbit trackers at Wellpepper, I was all over it. I was very excited to start tracking activities outside of runs.  I chose the wristband format while Mike and Anne chose the Fitibt Zips that clip onto your pocket or waistband. I liked the idea wearing the Fitbit at all times tracking all activities (including sleep) and thought I would have a better chance of not losing it. We found this to be true right away as Mike lost his first two Fitbits.  (Protip: Clip your Fitbit with your Fitbit inside your pocket.) Anne wasn’t too keen on the look of the sporty black wristband so chose the smaller out of sight zip and also appreciated that the Zip didn’t need to be charged. (However, both Anne and Mike had over a week of no activity recorded when their batteries actually died.)

Fitbit Zip

Fitbit Zip

Initial findings were very fun and intriguing: an Ultimate Frisbee game is about 8,000 steps and a good round of golf about 18,000 steps with up to 20,000 steps if that happened to be a bad round of golf. The most lucrative activity turned out to be dancing, it’s surprising how many steps you can take while dancing at a wedding! (23k)  Step counts varied between the different Fitbit types. As my steps were tracked by the movement of my arm, I definitely got credit for additional steps including a few 1000 from petting an upset dog during a thunderstorm. This caused some debates over the accuracy and fairness of the Wellpepper Fitbit leaderboard, which is definitely a fun and motivating feature of the Fitbit app. 

Fitbit 3Definitely the most surprising findings were how many steps could add up with regular day to day activities.   I found that I generally took around 1000 steps just walking around the house and getting ready in the morning.  A walk to the store to grab a few groceries could garner up to 2000 steps. Turn that trip into a walk to the farmer’s market and you could easily generate 4k steps! It was surprising how a few small decisions could turn a relatively normal day into highly productive and active day.  I found this infographic: The Exercise Experiment: A Tale of Two Days does a great job of showing the difference small choices can make.

Even more surprising, or even shocking, was how many steps I didn’t take on an inactive day.  I work from home and it’s not uncommon for me to grab a cup of coffee in the morning, jump on my laptop and get to work. Some days, the time can slip by and before you know it, the day is gone.  I never used to worry about it because when I am not working, I am highly active. However, after I came across The Truth about Sitting, I decided I needed to be more aware of my overall activity. I think this has been the greatest impact of the Fitbit. I thought that I might dive deeper into analyzing my runs or hikes, but it has actually created this awareness to keep me moving all the time. It reminded me of something John Mattison (CIMO of Kaiser Permanente) said at FutureMed:

It’s not about wearing a million sensors, we don’t need digital nannies, it’s about becoming more mindful.

Posted in: Healthcare Technology, M-health

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Health 2.0 Europe “Tools for the Elderly”

Filming a patientPrior to the Health 2.0 Europe Conference there was a deep-dive 3 hour session called “Tools for the Elderly.” I was particularly interested in this session for two reasons, first we are doing some work with Boston University on a study using Wellpepper to manage the health of Parkinson’s patients the eldest of whom is 75 and second, a common criticism we hear from healthcare providers and investors is “old people can’t use technology.” We disagree wholeheartedly, but acknowledge that those who may have less than 20/20 vision or arthritic hands may require different types of interfaces and engagement than the stereotypical 20 year old developer is building for. Based on this, I was very interested to see what types of innovations and challenges this session presented.

Two of the most interesting were Many Happy Returns and Intelesant. Many Happy Returns is a memory, engagement, and conversation aid for people with dementia. It was developed originally as a not-for-profit by Sarah Reed who was introduced to the world of dementia when her mother was diagnosed over 10 years ago. Originally a card game, and now being developed into a mobile application, Many Happy Returns presents pictures from different decades to jog the memory of dementia sufferers and encourage inter-generational communication. People who have dementia have increasingly clear long-term memory with deteriorating short term memory and the cards provide the ability to have meaningful conversations with those with dementia and also learn family stories before they are lost. The app interface was simple and highly usable, and the benefit of using an iPad app over printed cards is huge: sound can be added, and sounds have proven to be very evocative for memory jogging, new card sets can be created by scanning and adding the person’s own photos, and finally, tracking can be done related to which photos, or sounds are most interesting to people.

Tools for the Elderly

Intelesant could have also been in the “unmentionables” session in the full conference. They provided an advance “end-of-life” care plan that was accessible by patients, their care givers, and could be shared with healthcare providers, especially in a care home setting. Too often this information is lost or not communicated clearly until it’s too late, and Intellesant aims to change this. What was compelling about the Intellesant presentation is that the interface, while capable of reporting clinical results, was designed for the patient and the caregiver who are really the most important constituents in this scenario.

There were also three startups that were focusing on building interfaces for the elderly, one to make it extremely simple to use a phone,  one to make it extremely simple to use a tablet, and one to make it extremely simple to have a conference call or telehealth chat through your TV. The first two were solving the problem that Android interfaces are generally a lot less usable than other interfaces, which really seems like 1. A short term problem and 2 something that should be addressed by Android OS developers. (Are you listening Samsung?). The third, SpeakSet was solving a problem that of course affects the elderly, but also everyone else. According to some former colleagues of mine at Microsoft (Skype), it takes 10 minutes on average for any conference call to get started. While there are definitely tools that can help the elderly manage their health and wellbeing, good usable design should be available to everyone. I’d love to use a big button that says “start conference call” and have it work immediately.

The AARP has gone on record asking Silicon Valley to start building tools for the aging population. Based on this session at Health 2.0 Europe, they may want to look further afield.

Posted in: Aging, Healthcare Disruption, Healthcare Technology, M-health

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Health 2.0 Europe “Improving and Enriching the Patient-Provider Relationship”

Last week, I had the opportunity to demonstrate Wellpepper and participate on a panel on “Improving and Enriching the Patient-Provider Relationship” at the Health 2.0 Europe Conference in London.  I’m grateful to the Washington Trade Association who funded a trade delegation to the conference and helped facilitate other meetings in London as well.

Health 2.0 Europe Panel

Health 2.0 Europe Panel

The panel format was that the moderator, in this case Health 2.0 CEO Indu Subaiya, and invited guests framed the conversation, and then invited companies to demonstrate their products related to the topic. After the demo, the panelists asked questions and discussed the implications and relevance of the product to the topic. The “Provider” view was represented by Dr Simon Brownlee, a primary care physician and Chief Medical Officer of Healthloop UK. The “Patient” view was represented by Susan Jones, a person living with ME also known as “chronic fatigue syndrome.” I spoke with Susan a bit backstage and learned that she was frustrated by the lack of knowledge about her condition, she took it upon herself to look for specialists and treatments outside of the UK, the epitome of an engaged patient.

Other startups on the panel were:

Mark Friess from WelVU, focused on patient education and engagement.

Nishant Bagadia from Nuehealth, helping patients find and connect to surgeons.

Tim Williams from myClinicalOutcomes, helping patients track and get information about long term conditions.

Interestingly, while we all focused on the patient-provider relationship, each took a different approach and the technologies ended up being complementary rather than competitive.

We discussed how patients are often confused by treatment plans and how care outside the clinic was becoming increasingly necessary as patient volumes increased. A recent study by Deloitte showed that elderly patients will increase the demand for in-person consultations by 33%. Given the expected shortage of healthcare providers, this isn’t going to be possible so we need new ways to engage. We also discussed the need to align outcomes between patients and providers. Oftentimes the patient has a very different view of a successful outcome as the provider, as outlined in this Harvard Business Review Infographic.

The conference was inspiring as healthcare providers, industry professionals, and startups acknowledged that we need to start doing things differently if we want to see better health outcomes. While there were similarities between the solutions presented across all the panels, there was actually very little duplication, which points to the vast challenges in healthcare today. Solutions came from all over the US, UK, and Europe and were tackling both local and international markets. The best solutions were on par with what you see coming out of Silicon Valley, and in particular we liked UMotif for it’s extremely usable approach to patient tracking and engagement and the as yet unreleased  “You app” from Health Puzzle of Finland, that enables collaborative health challenges with friends.

My favorite session was the “Unmentionables” where startups tackled problems that often weren’t discussed like sexually transmitted diseases and alcohol abuse. My panel featured 3 US based startup and one UK, this session was a representation of European innovation, and organizers were pleased so showcase so many more local talents than in previous years. Presenters represented their countries well, and moderator Matthew Holt, pointed out that true to form and stereotypes, a Norwegian presented a light-based solution for depression, an Italian for sex information, and a Brit for drinking.

Posted in: Healthcare Disruption, Healthcare Technology, M-health

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The Case for M-Health

M-Health has been touted as the next-big thing in healthcare. We believe it’s more than a big thing, we believe that it’s where people want to interact, and mobile provides the opportunity to influence people much more than simply e-health. It makes sense right? Even if you sit at a computer all day, your mobile device travels with you and is always on. Some people are even sleeping with their devices.

Don’t take our word for it though, we’ve compiled some really interesting information and statistics on the growth of mobile and why it’s so important for healthcare.

Mobile Usage and Demographics

Starting from usage, The Harvard Business Review has an interesting take on the Rise of the Mobile User.

“55 percent of Americans said they’d used a mobile device to access the internet in 2012. A surprisingly large number — 31 percent — of these mobile internet users say that’s the primary way they access the web.”

What’s interesting about this, is that it crosses income lines. When we first started Wellpepper, one of the common objections we heard to our mobile focus was that “poor or old people don’t have smartphones” so we couldn’t reach enough of the population. That’s proving not to be true, in particularly because of the types of offers that the carriers provide. People who are accessing the Internet only through their cell phones may have never owned a personal computer.

Tablet technology has also opened up computing to a larger group of people. The ubiquitous iPad is used by babies and grandparents alike. Mobile Marketing Watch reports that 53% of seniors are online, 33% use social media and 70% have a cell phone. Over 50% of people in the US have a smartphone and we know that number is going to keep growing.

“78 Million baby boomers use technology to stay in touch with loved ones, connect online and improve health.” Not really surprising is it?

Mobile for Health

Patient preferences for e-health communications

Patient preferences for e-health communications

According to an Accenture study of 1,100 people, 90% want to use digital to manage their healthcare. However, they see this as a way to augment in-person visits. 85% of those surveyed also want to communicate in-person with their doctors.

Consumers already understand the value of electronic and mobile communications to improve their healthcare: 63% of respondents to the Accenture study want to receive reminders for preventative or follow-up care on their mobile devices.

Research2Guidance reports that 500M people will be using healthcare mobile apps by 2015. Ralf-Gordon Jahns, Head of Research at research2guidance, points out “Our findings indicate that the long-expected mobile revolution in healthcare is set to happen. Both healthcare providers and consumers are embracing smartphones as a means to improving healthcare.”

The Pew Internet Foundation’s recent study looked at people who track health indicators. Tracking indicators is a positive way to improve health outcomes. They found that while up to 60% of people track some health indicator, only 21% of those who do this are using some form of technology to do so. Most people are keeping track in their head or on paper. Given the benefits of recording the information, like seeing progress overtime and being able to share that information with a loved one or healthcare professional, again, we think this is a trend that will only increase.

References

Is Healthcare Self-Service Enough to Satisfy Patients? Accenture

The Rise of the Mobile Only User Harvard Business Review

Tracking for Health Pew Internet Research

500M People to Use Mobile Apps for Tracking Health FastCompany summary

Mobile Health Report Research2Guidance

 

 

Posted in: Healthcare Disruption, Healthcare motivation, Healthcare Technology, M-health

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My Quantified Self

My nephew asked me the other day “How fast can a human run?” My first thought was of the Olympics and the 100 meter dash and I was quickly trying to make the conversion in my head to miles per hour. Then I thought, “Wait! I know my average speed.” I look at this information all the time.

Look Mom - I ran around a volcano!

Look Mom – I ran around a volcano!

I am training for my first half marathon and use NikePlus and RunKeeper to track my progress. I absolutely love these applications and have become addicted to tracking, analysing and sharing my personal running stats. Both of these applications do an excellent job of visualizing the data – distance travelled, calories burned, and average pace – which makes it fun and easy to share. I even received a “speeding ticket” the other day from Notch.me an integrated app with RunKeeper when I hit a new pace milestone.

This addiction to data has led me to start tracking other items in my life. I now track my sleep patterns with an app called Sleep Cycle. HeartMath checks my daily stress levels by using the camera on my iPhone to take my resting heart rate. This tracking isn’t limited to health data, I have used Klout to measure my influence in social media, InMaps by Linkedin to see a visual representation of my connections and Mint to recognize patterns in my spending. The awareness this tracking provides has led to personal growth and positive change in all of these areas.

And I am not alone. A recent survey by the Pew Research Center’s Internet & American Life Project states that

Seven in ten (69%) U.S. adults track a health indicator for themselves or a loved one and many say this activity has changed their overall approach to health.

Some people go much further in their health tracking: founded by Kevin Kelly and and Gary Wolf of Wired Magazine, the Quantified Self Movement has exploded over the last 5 years starting with the initial group of 15 in the Bay area to an organization of thousands that spans the US and Canada. Meet-ups, where members get together to discuss what they are tracking, how they are tracking and what they are learning, are popping up all over North America.  The Quantified Self Motto: “Self Knowledge Through Numbers.”

Moves Storyline

Moves Storyline

However, according to the Pew study, not everyone is taking advantage of the thousands of new apps and medical tracking devices available with only 1 in 5 people using some form of technology to track their health data.  A lot of this tracking remains informal with 49% saying they keep track of progress in their heads.

Passive data tracking applications,  like Moves which tracks your daily movement, can augment the ‘in your head’ tracking. There is absolutely no input required, the iPhone app just automatically records any walking, cycling, running that you do. It’s a diary of your daily movements, a summary of your everyday exercise to help you think about your life in a new way. Knowing how many steps it is to the office might encourage you to walk there more often. Even the smallest changes can make a huge difference and that is generally where people start when making choices that lead to long time healthy habits.

So how do we encourage people to use these tools and technology when we know the data has such a powerful impact on their motivation for positive change?

I think apps like Moves that allow users to ease into self tracking without a lot of effort are a great start. Beautiful interfaces and fluid navigation are critical.  For every app I have on my iPhone , I have downloaded and deleted 6 more.  If it’s not engaging, easy to use and provide a new and valuable service – it’s gone and usually within the first 10 minutes.  Stunning visualizations of relevant data are also important to enable users to see usually boring stats in a fun and creative way,  motivating them to improve those numbers and share with their supporters.

What self-tracking apps do you use? And what features have motivated you to continue using those apps?

Posted in: Healthcare motivation, Healthcare Technology, M-health

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Mobile health and the gap between professional and consumer tools

FitBit One Wireless Activity Tracker

FitBit One Wireless Activity Tracker

M-health, quantified-self, daily tracking, FitbitBodyMediaRunkeeperMyFitnessPalStrava, even Nike has gotten in the game. The ways in which consumers can keep track of their health seems to multiply each day. The average consumer device is about $200, often with a monthly subscription fee to track results. Some only charge a subscription if you want more detailed access to your results. At the same time, complex sensors and accelerometers used in medical research can cost thousands of dollars. Sure they are more accurate, but are they more effective in motivating behavior change?

These were some of the questions raised in the American Physical Therapy Conference Session “Mobile Health Technologies” presented by George D. Fulk, Edward Sazonov, and James Cavanaugh.

BodyMedia Tracker

BodyMedia Tracker announced at CES 2013

They reviewed popular consumer devices from a clinical research perspective and weighed them against professional healthcare devices, looking at accuracy, convenience, user preference, and price. While the professional devices are still more accurate, for all other factors it did seem like the consumer devices were winning. For example, many of the new devices, like FitBit can be easily hidden beneath your clothes, while ActivePal‘s anklet makes the wearer look like they are under house arrest. Female participants in one study using ActivePal removed the anklet when they wore skirts. At the Consumer Electronics Show this year, BodyMedia showed trackers that look like jewelry which would solve this problem, and provide some nice word of mouth marketing for them.  While professional devices may record more accurate results, is the overall study more accurate if the subject isn’t being consistently monitored?

Another criticism of the consumer devices was the inability to get raw data, and that if the data were shared, it wasn’t encrypted for HIPAA compliance. Given the price difference, market potential, and popularity of consumer devices, we can imagine these differences will fade in the long run. 

The New York Times reported this past week that more and more people are turning to electronic health monitoring. There are over 13,000 personal health tracking apps available. While some track automatically, self-tracking has shown promise in chronic disease management.

Nike+ Activity Tracker

Nike+ Activity Tracker

A study by Pew research referred to in the NY Times article found “most people with several chronic conditions said that tracking had led them to ask a doctor new questions, led them to seek a second opinion or influenced their treatment decisions.” As well, at Wellpepper we’ve noticed that FitBit has driven a new level of awareness around the number of steps a person should be taking each day, 10K according to Locke et al, with technology venture capitalists challenging each other on a virtual leaderboard.

What does all of this mean for physical therapists? The panelists in the session admitted that the profession is often behind the game in technology adoption, and as a result the technology isn’t developed in a way to be most useful to physical therapists. They encouraged researchers to collaborate with engineering to see better results. Here at Wellpepper, we are technologists building our products in close collaboration with professionals in rehab and research. We are hoping to help bridge this gap between consumer and professional healthcare technology. If you’re passionate about how mobile technology could improve your practice, we’d love to hear from you!

 

Posted in: M-health

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